Exercise 7: Remove Directory (rmdir)
In this exercise you learn how to remove an empty directory.
$ cd temp $ ls stuff $ cd stuff/things/orange/apple/pear/grape/ $ cd .. $ rmdir grape $ cd .. $ rmdir pear $ cd .. $ ls apple $ rmdir apple $ cd .. $ ls orange $ rmdir orange $ cd .. $ ls things $ rmdir things $ cd .. $ ls stuff $ rmdir stuff $ pwd ~/temp $
If you try to do rmdir on Mac OSX and it refuses to remove the directory even though you are positive it’s empty, then there is actually a file in there called .DS_Store. In that case, type rm -rf <dir> instead (replace <dir> with the directory name).
> cd temp > ls Directory: C:\Users\zed\temp Mode LastWriteTime Length Name ---- ------------- ------ ---- d---- 12/17/2011 9:03 AM stuff > cd stuff/things/orange/apple/pear/grape/ > cd .. > rmdir grape > cd .. > rmdir pear > cd .. > rmdir apple > cd .. > rmdir orange > cd .. > ls Directory: C:\Users\zed\temp\stuff Mode LastWriteTime Length Name ---- ------------- ------ ---- d---- 12/17/2011 9:14 AM things > rmdir things > cd .. > ls Directory: C:\Users\zed\temp Mode LastWriteTime Length Name ---- ------------- ------ ---- d---- 12/17/2011 9:14 AM stuff > rmdir stuff > pwd Path ---- C:\Users\zed\temp > cd .. >
You Learned This
I’m now mixing up the commands so make sure you type them exactly and pay attention. Every time you make a mistake, it’s because you aren’t paying attention. If you find yourself making many mistakes, then take a break or just quit for the day. You’ve always got tomorrow to try again.
In this example you’ll learn how to remove a directory. It’s easy. You just go to the directory right above it, then type rmdir <dir>, replacing <dir> with the name of the directory to remove.
- Make 20 more directories and remove them all.
- Make a single path of directories that is 10 deep and remove them one at a time just like I did above.
- If you try to remove a directory with contents you will get an error. I’ll show you how to remove these in later exercises.